The delivery of water to Saturn by the Enceladus plumes

The detection of water in the upper atmospheres (i.e. stratospheres) of the giant planets by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO ; Feuchtgruber et al. 1997) raised the question of its origin. The cold trap at the tropopause of these planets prevents efficient transport of water from the planetary interiors (supposed to be water-rich) to the stratospheres because of condensation. The water observed by ISO is then external and results from the ablation of micrometeoroids from interplanetary dust or icy ring/satellite particles or from large comet impacts. While Jupiter’s stratospheric water is due to the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts in 1994 (refer to this post), the situation at Saturn remained unclear.

The Cassini mission detected water plumes at the South Pole of Enceladus, one of Saturn’s small moons, in 2006 (Porco et al. 2006, Waite et al. 2006, Hansen et al. 2006). Water then forms a torus at 4 Saturn radii, the orbital distance of Enceladus, as proved by the first observations of Saturn with the Herschel Space Observatory (Hartogh et al. 2011 ; refer to this post). Models then predicted that a fraction of this water would rain onto Saturn’s atmosphere (e.g. Cassidy and Johnson 2010), but a confirmation from direct observation was missing.

This missing piece came from Herschel mapping observations carried out in 2010-2011 with the PACS (Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer) instrument. The analysis of the data demonstrate that the meridional distribution of water in Saturn’s stratosphere is not uniform (as would be expected from interplanetary dust particles or an ancient comet impact): it peaks at the equator and can be modelled with a gaussian decrease towards the poles, with a half-width-at-half-maximum of 25° in latitude. This is consistent with model prediction and shows that a fraction of the water delivered by the Enceladus plumes eventually falls onto Saturn’s stratosphere

Meridional distribution of water in Saturn’s stratosphere (mole fraction on the left and column density on the right), as derived from Herschel observations. Taken from Cavalié et al. (2019).

During its final orbits, Cassini detected an extraordinary influx of material coming from the ring plane (Waite et al. 2018, Perry et al. 2018). This influx is orders of magnitude stronger than the one originating from the Enceladus plumes. It seems to be quite recent and needs confirmation from new observations.

Reference: Cavalié et al. 2019, Astronomy and Astrophysics 630, A87.

Reference: Cavalié et al. 2019, Astronomy and Astrophysics 630, A87.

Publication list

Refereed publications

  1. Dobrijevic, M., Loison, J. C., Hue, V., Cavalié, T., 2020. The validity of 1D photochemical models in global mean conditions in question: application to Titan. Icarus, submitted.
  2. Benmahi, B., Cavalié, T., Dobrijevic, M., Biver, N., Bermudez-Diaz, K., Sandqvist, Aa., Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Fouchet, T., Hue, V., Hartogh, P., Billebaud, F., Lecacheux, A., Hjalmarson, Å., Frisk, U., Olberg, M., and The Odin Team, 2020. 18-year long monitoring of the evolution of H2O vapor in the stratosphere of Jupiter with the Odin space telescope. Astronomy and Astrophysics, revised.
  3. Fletcher, L. N., Helled, R., Roussos, E., Jones, G., Charnoz, S., André, N., Andrews, D., Bannister, M, Bunce, E., Cavalié, T., Ferri, F., Fortney, J., Grassi, D., Griton, L., Hartogh, P., Hueso, R., Kaspi, Y., Lamy, L ., Masters, A., Melin, H., Moses, J., Mousis, O., Nettelman, N., Plainaki, C., Schmidt, J., Simon, A., Tobie, G., Tortora, P., Tosi, F., Turrini, D., 2020. Ice Giant Systems: The scientific potential of orbital missions to Uranus and Neptune.Planetary and SpaceScience, accepted.
  4. Moses, J. I., Cavalié, T., Fletcher, L. N., Roman, M. T., 2020. Atmospheric chemistry on Uranus and Neptune. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, accepted.
  5. Mousis, O., Aguichine, A., Atkinson, D.H., Atreya, S.K., Cavalié, T., Lunine, J.I., Mandt, K.E., Ronnet, T., 2020. Key Atmospheric Signatures for Identifying the Source Reservoirs of Volatiles in Uranus and Neptune. Space Science Reviews 216, 77.
  6. Cavalié, T., Venot, O., Miguel, Y., Fletcher, L., Wurz, P., Mousis, O., Bounaceur, R., Hue, V., Leconte, J., Dobrijevic, M., 2020. The deep composition of Uranus and Neptune from in situ exploration and thermochemical modeling. Space Science Reviews 216, 58.
  7. Venot, O., Cavalié, T., Bounaceur, R., Tremblin, P., Brouillard, L., Lhoussaine Ben Brahim, R., 2019. A new chemical scheme for giant planet thermochemistry. Update of the methanol chemistry and new reduced chemical scheme. Astronomy and Astrophysics 634, A78.
  8. Cavalié, T., Hue, V., Hartogh, P., Moreno, R., Lellouch, E., Feuchtgruber, H., Jarchow, C., Cassidy, T., Fletcher, L.N., Billebaud, F., Dobrijevic, M., Rezac, L., Orton, G.S., Rengel, M., Fouchet, T., Guerlet, S., 2019. Herschel map of Saturn’s stratospheric water, delivered by the plumes of Enceladus. Astronomy and Astrophysics 630, A87.
  9. Dobrijevic, M., Loison, J.-C., Hue, V., Cavalié, T., Hickson, K. M., 2019. 1D photochemical model of the ionosphere and the stratosphere of Neptune. Icarus 335, 113375.
  10. Venot, O., Bounaceur, R., Dobrijevic, M., Hébrard, É., Cavalié, T., Tremblin, P., Drummond, B., Charnay, B., 2019. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 624, A58.
  11. Mousis, O., Atkinson, D., Cavalié, T., Fletcher, L., Amato, M. J., Ferri, F., Renard, J.-B., Spilker, T., Venkatapathy, E., Wurz, P, Aplin, K., Coustenis, A., Deleuil, M., Dobrijevic, M., Fouchet, T., Guiloot, T., Hartogh, P., Hueso, R., Hewagama, T., Hofstadter, M. D., Hue, V., Lebreton, J.-P., Lellouch, E., Moses, J., Orton, G. S., Pearl, J. C., Sanchez-Lavega, A., Simon, A., Venot, O., Waite, J. H., Atreya, S., Billebaud, F., Brugger, B., Achterberg, R., Blanc, M., Charnoz, S., Cottini, V., Encrenaz, T., Gorius, N. J. P., Marty, B., Moreno, R., Morse, A., Nixon, C., Reh, K., Schmider, F.-X., Sheridan, S., Sotin, C., Vernazza, P., Villanueva, G. L., 2018. Scientific rationale for Uranus and Neptune in situ explorations. Planetary and Space Science 155, 12-40.
  12. Hue, V., Hersant, F., Cavalié, T., Dobrijevic, M., 2018. Photochemistry, mixing and transport in Jupiter’s stratosphere constrained by Cassini. Icarus 307, 106-123.
  13. Moreno, R., Lellouch, E., Cavalié, T., Moullet, A., 2017. Detection of CS in Neptune’s atmosphere from ALMA observations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 608, L5 (highlight A&A).
  14. Cavalié, T., Venot, O., Selsis, F., Hersant, F., Hartogh, P., Leconte, J., 2017. Thermochemistry and vertical mixing in the tropospheres of Uranus and Neptune. How convection inhibition can affect the derivation of deep oxygen abundances. Icarus 291, 1-16.
  15. Mousis, O., Atkinson, D. H., Spilker, T., Venkatapathy, E., Poncy, J., Frampton, R., Coustenis, A., Reh, K., Lebreton, J.-P., Fletcher, L. N., Hueso, R., Amato, M. J., Colaprete, A., Ferri, F., Stam, D., Wurz, P., Atreya, S., Aslam, S., Banfield, D. J., Calcutt, S., Fischer, G., Holland, A., Keller, C., Kessler, E., Leese, M., Levacher, P., Morse, A., Muñoz, O., Renard, J.-B., Sheridan, S., Schmider, F.-X., Snik, F., Waite, J. H., Bird, M., Cavalié, T., Deleuil, M., Fortney, J., Gautier, D., Guillot, T., Lunine, J. I., Marty, B., Nixon, C., Orton, G. S., Sánchez-Lavega, A., 2016. The Hera Saturn entry probe mission. Planetary and Space Science 130, 80-103.
  16. Hue, V., Greathouse, T. K., Cavalié, T., Dobrijevic, M., Hersant, F., 2016. 2D photochemical modeling of Saturn’s stratosphere. Part II: Feedback between composition and temperature. Icarus 267, 334-343.
  17. Norwood, J., Moses, J., Fletcher, L. N., Orton, G., Irwin, P. G. J., Atreya, S., Rages, K., Cavalié, T., Sánchez-Lavega, A., Hueso, R., Chanover, N., 2016. Giant Planet Observations with the James Webb Space Telescope. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Pacific 128, 018005.
  18. Mandt, K. E., Mousis, O., Marty, B., Cavalié, T., Harris, W., Hartogh, P., Willacy, K., 2015. Constraints from Comets on the Formation and Volatile Acquisition of the Planets and Satellites. Space Science Reviews 197, 297-342.
  19. Hue, V., Cavalié, T., Dobrijevic, M., Hersant, F., Greathouse, T. K., 2015. 2D photochemical modelling of Saturn’s stratosphere. Part I: Seasonal variation of atmospheric composition. Icarus 257, 163-184.
  20. Cavalié, T., Dobrijevic, M, Fletcher, L. N., Loison, J. C., Hickson, K. M., Hue, V., Hartogh, P., 2015. The photochemical response to the variation of temperature in Saturn’s 2011-2012 stratospheric vortex. Astronomy and Astrophysics 580, A55.
  21. Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Orton, G. S., Feuchtgruber, H., Cavalié, T., Moses, J. I., Hartogh, P., Jarchow, C., Sagawa, H., 2015. New constraints on the CH4 vertical profile in Uranus and Neptune from Herschel observations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 579, A121.
  22. Mousis, O., Fletcher, L. N., Lebreton, J.-P., Wurz, P., Cavalié, T., Coustenis, A., Courtin, R., Gautier, D., Helled, R., Irwin, P. G. J., Morse, A. D., Nettelman, N., Marty, B., Rousselot, P., Venot, O., Atkinson, D. H., Waite, J. H., Reh, K., Simon-Miller, A., Atreya, S., André, N., Blanc, M., Daglis, I. A., Fischer, G., Geppert, W. D., Guillot, T., Hedman, M. M., Hueso, R., Lellouch, E., Lunine, J. I., Murray, C. D., O’Donoghue, J., Rengel, M., Sanchez-Lavega, A., Schmider, F.-X., Spiga, A., Spilker, T., Petit, J.-M., Tiscanero, M. S., Ali-Dib, M., Altwegg, K., Bouquet, A., Briois, C., Fouchet, T., Guerlet, S., Kostiuk, T., Lebleu, D., Moreno, R., Orton, G. S., Poncy, J., 2014. Scientific rationale of Saturn’s in situ exploration. Planetary and Space Science 104, 29-47.
  23. Arridge, C., Agnor, C., Ambrosini, R. M., André, N., Banfield, D., Bocanegra-Bahamon, T., Bonfond, B., Bracken, C., Briand, C., Brooks, S. M., Briois, C., Castillo-Rogez, J. C., Cavalié, T., Dirkx, D., Fletcher, L. N., Gerth, I., Grassi, D., Hedman, M. M., Hillier, J., Hospodarsky, G., Jackman, C. M., Khalisi, E., Konstantinidis, K., Krüger, H., Labrianidis, C., Lamy, L. L., Laneuville, M., Luntzer, A., MacArthur, J., McKenna-Lawlor, S., Maier, A., Melin, H., Moragas-Klostermeyer, G., Morschhauser, A., Milillo, A., Mousis, O., Neubauer, F. M., Nordheim, T. A., Peron, R., Postberg, F., Retherford, K. D., Russell, C. T., Rymer, A. M., Sallantin, R., Spahn, F., Sitja, M. C., Srama, R., Tiscareno, M., Tobie, G., Tosi, F., Turrini, D., Turtle, E., Wilson, R. J., 2014. The science case for an orbital mission to Uranus: Exploring the origins and evolution of ice giant planets. Planetary and Space Science 104, 122-140.
  24. Hickson, K. M., Loison, J. C., Cavalié, T., Hébrard, É., Dobrijevic, M., 2014. The evolution of infalling sulfur species in Titan’s atmosphere. Astronomy and Astrophysics 572, A58.
  25. Rezac, L., de Val-Borro, M., Hartogh, P., Cavalié, T., Jarchow, C., Rengel, M., Dobrijevic, M., 2014. New determination of the HCN profile in the stratosphere of Neptune from millimeter-wave spectroscopy. Astronomy and Astrophysics 563, A4.
  26. Cavalié, T., Moreno, R., Lellouch, E., Hartogh, P., Venot, O., Orton, G., Jarchow, C., Encrenaz, T., Selsis, F., Hersant, F., Fletcher, L., 2014. First submillimeter observation of CO in the stratosphere of Uranus. Astronomy and Astrophysics 562, A33.
  27. Cavalié, T., Feuchtgruber, H., Lellouch, E., de Val-Borro, Jarchow, C., M., Moreno, R., Hartogh, P., Orton, G., Greathouse T., Billebaud, F., Dobrijevic, M., Lara, L. M., Gonzalez, A., Sagawa, H., 2013. The spatial distribution of water in the stratosphere of Jupiter from Herschel-HIFI and –PACS observations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 553, A21 (highlight A&A).
  28. Feuchtgruber, H., Lellouch, E., Orton, G., de Graauw, T., Vandenbussche, B., Swinyard, B., Moreno, R., Jarchow, C., Billebaud, F., Cavalié, T., Hartogh, P., 2013. The D/H ratio in the atmospheres of Uranus and Neptune from Herschel PACS observations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 551, A126.
  29. Fletcher, L. N., Swinyard, B., Salji, C., Polehampton, E., Fulton, T., Sidher, S., Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Orton, G., Cavalié, T., Courtin, R., Rengel, M., Sagawa, H., Davis, G. R., Hartogh, P., Naylor, D., Walker, H., Lim, T., 2012. Sub-millimetre spectroscopy of Saturn’s trace gases from Herschel/SPIRE. Astronomy and Astrophysics 539, A44.
  30. Cavalié, T., Biver, N., Hartogh, P., Dobrijevic, M., Billebaud, F., Lellouch, E., Sandqvist, Aa, Brillet, J., Lecacheux, A., Hjalmarson, Å, Frisk, U., Olberg, M., The Odin Team, 2012. Odin Space Telescope monitoring of water vapor in the stratosphere of Jupiter. Planetary and Space Science 537, A17.
  31. Roelfsema, P. R., Helmich, F. P., Teyssier, D., Ossenkopf, V., Morris, P., Olberg, M., Shipman, R., Risacher, C., Akyilmaz, M., Assendorp, R., Avruch, I .A., Beintema, D., Biver, N., Boogert, A., Borys, C., Braine, J., Caris, M., Caux, E., Cernicharo, J., Coeur-Joly, O., Comito, C., de Lange, G., Delforge, B., Dieleman, P., Dubbeldam, L., de Graauw, Th., Edwards, K., Fich, M., Flederus, F., Gal, C., DiGiorgio, A., Herpin, F., Higgins, D. R., Hoac, A., Huisman, R., Jarchow, C., Jellema, W., de Jonge, A., Kester, D., Klein, T., Kooi, J., Kramer, C., Laauwen, W., Larsson, B., Leinz, C., Lord, S., Lorenzani, A., Luinge, W., Marston, A., Martín-Pintado, J., McCoey, C., Melchior, M., Michalska, M., Moreno, R., Müller, H., Nowosielski, W., Okada, Y., Orleánski, P., Phillips, T. G., Pearson, J., Rabois, D., Ravera, L., Rector, J., Rengel, M., Sagawa, H., Salomons, W., Sánchez-Suárez, E., Schieder, R., Schlöder, F., Schmülling, F., Soldati, M., Stutzki, J., Thomas, B. Tielens, A. G. G. M., Vastel, C., Wildeman, K., Xie, Q., Xilouris, M., Wafelbakker, C., Whyborn, N., and Zaal, P., Bell, T., Bjerkelli, P., de Beck, E., Cavalié, T., Crockett, N. R., Hily-Blant, P., Kama, M., Kaminski, T., Leflóch, B., Lombaert, R., De Luca, M., Makai, Z., Marseille, M., Nagy, Z., Pacheco, S., van der Weil, M. H. D., Wang, S., Yıldız, U, 2012. In-orbit performance of Herschel-HIFI. Astronomy and Astrophysics 537, A17.
  32. Hartogh, P., Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Biver, N., Cassidy, T., Rengel, M., Jarchow, C., Cavalié, T., Crovisier, J., Helmich, F. P., 2011. Direct detection of the Enceladus H2O torus with Herschel. Astronomy and Astrophysics 532, L2 (highlight A&A).
  33. Dobrijevic, M., Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., 2011. A methodology to construct a reduced chemical scheme for 2D-3D photochemical models: Application to Saturn. Icarus 214, 275-285.
  34. Sagawa, H., Hartogh, P., Rengel, M., de Lange, A., Cavalié, T., 2010. Preparation for the Solar system observations with Herschel: Simulation of Jupiter observations with PACS. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1692-1698.
  35. Dobrijevic, M., Cavalié, T., Hébrard, É., Billebaud, F., Hersant, F., Selsis, F., 2010. Key reactions in the photochemistry of hydrocarbon in Neptune’s stratosphere. Planetary and Space Science 58, 1555-1566.
  36. Hartogh, P., Jarchow, C., Lellouch, E., de Val-Borro, M., Rengel, M., Moreno, R., Medvedev, A.S., Sagawa, H., Swinyard, B. M., Cavalié, T., Lis, D. C., Błęcka, M. I., Banaszkiewicz, M., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Crovisier, J., Encrenaz, T., Küppers, M., Lara, L.-M., Szutowicz, S., Vandenbussche, B., Bensch, F., Bergin, E. A., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Blake, G. A., Blommaert, J. A. D. L., Cernicharo, J., Decin, L., Encrenaz, P., Feuchtgruber, H., Fulton, T., de Graauw, T., Jehin, E., Kidger, M., Lorente, R., Naylor, D. A., Portyankina, G., Sánchez-Portal, M., Schieder, R., Sidher, S., Thomas, N., Verdugo, E., Waelkens, C., Whyborn, N., Teyssier, D., Helmich, F., Roelfsema, P., Stutzki, J., Leduc, H. G., Stern, J. A., 2010c.
    Herschel/HIFI observations of Mars: First detection of O2 at submillimetre wavelengths and upper limits on HCl and H2O2. Astronomy and Astrophysics 521, L49.
  37. Hartogh, P., Błęcka, M. I., Jarchow, C., Sagawa, H., Lellouch, E., de Val-Borro, M., Rengel, M., Medvedev, A.S., Swinyard, B. M., Moreno, R., Cavalié, T., Lis, D. C., Banaszkiewicz, M., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Crovisier, J., Encrenaz, T., Küppers, M., Lara, L.-M., Szutowicz, S., Vandenbussche, B., Bensch, F., Bergin, E. A., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Blake, G. A., Blommaert, J. A. D. L., Cernicharo, J., Decin, L., Encrenaz, P., Feuchtgruber, H., Fulton, T., de Graauw, T., Jehin, E., Kidger, M., Lorente, R., Naylor, D. A., Portyankina, G., Sánchez-Portal, M., Schieder, R., Sidher, S., Thomas, N., Verdugo, E., Waelkens, C., Lorenzani, A., Tofani, G., Natale, E., Pearson, J., Klein, T., Leinz, C., Güsten, R., Kramer, C., 2010b. First results on martian carbon monoxide from Herschel/HIFI observations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 521, L48.
  38. Lellouch, E., Hartogh, P., Feuchtgruber, H., Vandenbussche, B., de Graauw, T., Moreno, R., Jarchow, C., Cavalié, T., Orton, G., Banaszkiewicz, M., Blecka, M., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Crovisier, J., Encrenaz, T., Fulton, T., Küppers, M., Lara, L.-M., Lis, D. C., Medvedev, A., Rengel, M., Sagawa, H., Swinyard, B., Szutowicz, S., Bensch, F., Bergin, E., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Blake, G. A., Blommaert, J., Cernicharo, J., Courtin, R., Davis, G. R., Decin, L., Encrenaz, P., Gonzalez, A., Jehin, E., Kidger, M., Naylor, D., Portyankina, G., Schieder, R., Sidher, S., Thomas, N., de Val-Borro, M., Verdugo, E., Waelkens, C., Walker, H., Aarts, H., Comito, C., Kawamura, J. H., Maestrini, A., Peacoke, T., Teipen, R., Tils, T., Wildeman, K., 2010. First results of Herschel / PACS observations of Neptune. Astronomy and Astrophysics 518, L152.
  39. Swinyard, B. M., Hartogh, P., Sidher, S., Fulton, T., Lellouch, E., Jarchow, C., Griffin, M. J., Moreno, R., Sagawa, H., Portyankina, G., Blecka, M., Banaszkiewicz, M., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Crovisier, J., Encrenaz, T., Kueppers, M., Lara, L., Lis, D., Medvedev, A., Rengel, M., Szutowicz, S., Vandenbussche, B., Bensch, F., Bergin, E., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Blake, G., Blommaert, J., de Val-Borro, M., Cernicharo, J., Cavalié, T., Courtin, R., Davis, G., Decin, L., Encrenaz, P., de Graauw, T., Jehin, E., Kidger, M., Leeks, S., Orton, G., Naylor, D., Schieder, R., Stam, D., Thomas, N., Verdugo, E., Waelkens, C., Walker, H., 2010. The Herschel-SPIRE submillimetre spectrum of Mars. Astronomy and Astrophysics 518, L151.
  40. Hartogh, P., Crovisier, J., de Val-Borro, M., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Biver, N., Lis, D. C., Moreno, R., Jarchow, C., Rengel, M., Emprechtinger, M., Szutowicz, S., Banaszkiewicz, M., Bensch, F., Blecka, M. I., Cavalié, T., Encrenaz, T., Jehin, E., Küppers, M., Lara, L.-M., Lellouch, E., Swinyard, B. M., Vandenbussche, B., Bergin, E. A., Blake, G. A., Blommaert, J. A. D. L., Cernicharo, J., Decin, L., Encrenaz, P., de Graauw, T., Hutsemekers, D., Kidger, M., Manfroid, J., Medvedev, A. S., Naylor, D. A., Schieder, R., Thomas, N., Waelkens, C., Roelfsema, P. R., Dieleman, P., Güsten, R., Klein, T., Kasemann, C., Caris, M., Olberg, M., Benz, A. O., 2010a. HIFI Observations of Water in the Atmosphere of Comet C/2008 Q3 (Garradd). Astronomy and Astrophysics 518, L150.
  41. Cavalié, T., Hartogh, P., Billebaud, F., Dobrijevic, M., Fouchet, T., Lellouch, E., Encrenaz, T., Brillet, J., Moriarty-Schieven, G. H., 2010. A cometary origin for CO in the stratosphere of Saturn? Astronomy and Astrophysics 510, A88 (highlight A&A).
  42. Hartogh, P., Lellouch, E., Crovisier, J., Banaszkiewicz, M., Bensch, F., Bergin, E. A., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Blake, G. A., Blecka, M. I., Blommaert, J., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Cavalié, T., Cernicharo, J., Courtin, R., Davis, G., Decin, L., Encrenaz, P., Encrenaz, T., González, A., de Graauw, T., Hutsemékers, D., Jarchow, C., Jehin, E., Kidger, M., Küppers, M., de Lang, A., Lara, L.-M., Lis, D. C., Lorent, R., Manfroid, J., Medvedev, A. S., Moreno, R., Naylor, D. A., Orton, G., Portyankina, G., Rengel, M., Sagawa, H., Sánchez-Portal, M., Schieder, R., Sidher, S., Stam, D., Swinyard, B., Szutowicz, S., Thomas, N., Thornhill, G. Vandenbussche, B., Verdugo, E., Waelkens, C., Walker, H., 2009. Water and related chemistry in the Solar System. A guaranteed Time Key Program for Hershel. Planetary and Space Science 57, 1596-1606.
  43. Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Dobrijevic, M., Fouchet, T., Lellouch, E., Encrenaz, T., Brillet, J., Moriarty-Schieven, G. H., Wouterloot, J. G. A., Hartogh, P., 2009. First observation of CO at 345 GHz in the atmosphere of Saturn with the JCMT. New constraints on its origin. Icarus 203, 531-540.
  44. Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Dobrijevic, M., Lellouch, E., Brillet, J., Lecacheux, A., Hjalmarson, Å, Sandqvist, Aa, Frisk, U., Olberg, M., Bergin, E. A., The Odin Team, 2008c. Observation of water vapor in the stratosphere of Jupiter with the Odin Space Telescope. Planetary and Space Science 56, 1573-1584.
  45. Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Encrenaz, T., Brillet, J., Forget, F., Dobrijevic, M., 2008b. Vertical temperature profile and mesospheric winds retrieval on Mars from millimeter observations. Comparison with General Circulation Model predictions. Astronomy and Astrophysics 489, 795-809.
  46. Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Fouchet, T., Lellouch, E., Brillet, J., Dobrijevic, M., 2008a. Observations of CO on Saturn and Uranus at millimeter wavelengths: New upper limit determinations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 484, 555-561.

PhD thesis

Observations millimétriques et submillimétriques des composés oxygénés dans les atmosphères planétaires. Préparation aux missions Herschel et ALMA. Université Bordeaux 1. 2008.
pdf file available here.

Conference talks (oral and poster)

  • 3 invited talks : 3
    • Évolution temporelle de la Tempête de Saturne de 2011 avec Herschel et ALMA. Cavalié, T., Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Fouchet, T., Hartogh, P., Hesman, B., Feuchtgruber, H., Achterberg, R., Gueth, F., Moullet, A. SF2A, Toulouse, 1er-5 juin 2015
    • Saturn’s 2010 Great Storm and its stratospheric aftermath: temporal monitoring with Herschel and ALMA in 2011-2013 and photochemical modeling. Cavalié, T., Feuchtgruber, H., Hesman, B., Dobrijevic, M., Fletcher, L., Hartogh, P., Jarchow, C., Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Gueth, F., Fouchet, T., Achterberg, R., Moullet, A. Asia Oceania Geosciences Society, Brisbane, Australia, 24-28 Juin 2013.
    • Probing Saturn’s 2011 Storm with Herschel and ALMA. Cavalié, T., Hesman, B., Fouchet, T., Lellouch, E., Moreno, R., Achterberg, R., Moullet, A., Hartogh, P., Feuchtgruber, H., Gueth, F. ALMA Community Days 2012: Early Science in Cycle 1. Garching, Germany, 25-27 June 2012.
  • Oral contributions at conferences:
    • national: 5
    • international: 22
  • Posters at conferences:
    • national: 1
    • international: 8

Unrefereed publications – Minor Planet Center circulars

  1. Ludwig, F., Stecklum, B. Bacci, P., Maestripieri, M., Grazia, M. D., Tesi, L., Fagioli, G., Buzzi, L., Pettarin, E., Schwartz, M., Holvorcem, P. R., Thinius, B., Bulger, J., Lowe, T., Schultz, A., Willman, M., Chambers, K., Chastel, S., Denneau, L., Flewelling, H., Huber, M., Lilly, E., Magnier, E., Wainscoat, R., Waters, C., Weryk, R., Holmes, R., Foglia, S., Linder, T., Leonard, G. J., Matheny, R. G., Christensen, E. J., Fuls, D. C., Gibbs, A. R., Grauer, A. D., Johnson, J. A., Kowalski, R. A., Larson, S. M., Seaman, R. L., Shelly, F. C., Losse, F., Cavalié, T., Birtwhistle, P., Bacci, R., Heinze, A., Weiland, H., Tonry, J., Stalder, B. 2017 VN15. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., No. 2017-W68 (2017).
  2. Ludwig, F., Stecklum, B., Bacci, P., Maestripieri, M., Tesi, L., Fagioli, G., Jaeger, M., Prosperi, E., Vollmann, W., Buzzi, L., Gilmore, A. C., Kilmartin, P. M., Bittesini, L., Bressan, F., Pettarin, E., Kowalski, R. A., Christensen, E. J., Fuls, D. C., Gibbs, A. R., Grauer, A. D., Johnson, J. A., Larson, S. M., Leonard, G. J., Matheny, R. G., Seaman, R. L., Shelly, F. C., Schwartz, M., Holvorcem, P. R., Holmes, R., Foglia, S., Linder, T., Losse, F., Cavalié, T., Birtwhistle, P., Favero, G., Campestrin, M., Bacci, R., Denneau, L., Heinze, A., Weiland, H., Tonry, J., Flewelling, H., Stalder, B. 2017 WP. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., No. 2017-W69 (2017).
  3. Bacci, P., Maestripieri, M., Grazia, M. D., Tesi, L., Fagioli, G., Schwartz, M., Holvorcem, P. R., Grauer, A. D., Christensen, E. J., Fuls, D. C., Gibbs, A. R., Johnson, J. A., Kowalski, R. A., Larson, S. M., Leonard, G. J., Matheny, R. G., Seaman, R. L., Shelly, F. C., Holmes, R., Foglia, S., Buzzi, L., Linder, T., Losse, F., Cavalié, T., Ruiz, P., Knoefel, A., Koschny, D., Busch, M., Micheli, M., Schwab, E. 2017 WR. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., No. 2017-W70 (2017).
  4. Schwartz, M., Holvorcem, P. R., Grauer, A. D., Christensen, E. J., Fuls, D. C., Gibbs, A. R., Johnson, J. A., Kowalski, R. A., Larson, S. M., Leonard, G. J., Matheny, R. G., Seaman, R. L., Shelly, F. C., Ryan, W. H., Ryan, E. V., Holmes, R., Foglia, S., Buzzi, L., Linder, T., Losse, F., Cavalié, T. 2017 WV. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., No. 2017-W71 (2017).
  5. Schwartz, M., Holvorcem, P. R., Bulger, J., Lowe, T., Schultz, A., Willman, M., Chambers, K., Chastel, S., Denneau, L., Flewelling, H., Huber, M., Lilly, E., Magnier, E., Wainscoat, R., Waters, C., Weryk, R., Grauer, A. D., Christensen, E. J., Fuls, D. C., Gibbs, A. R., Johnson, J. A., Kowalski, R. A., Larson, S. M., Leonard, G. J., Matheny, R. G., Seaman, R. L., Shelly, F. C., Ryan, W. H., Ryan, E. V., Holmes, R., Foglia, S., Buzzi, L., Linder, T., Losse, F., Cavalié, T., Bacci, R. 2017 WW. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., No. 2017-W72 (2017).
  6. Ludwig, F., Stecklum, B., Bacci, P., Maestripieri, M., Grazia, M. D., Tesi, L., Fagioli, G., Jaeger, M., Prosperi, E., Vollmann, W., Foglia, S., Galli, G., Fuls, D. C., Christensen, E. J., Gibbs, A. R., Grauer, A. D., Johnson, J. A., Kowalski, R. A., Larson, S. M., Leonard, G. J., Matheny, R. G., Seaman, R. L., Shelly, F. C., Schwartz, M., Holvorcem, P. R., Bulger, J., Lowe, T., Schultz, A., Willman, M., Chambers, K., Chastel, S., Denneau, L., Flewelling, H., Huber, M., Lilly, E., Magnier, E., Wainscoat, R., Waters, C., Weryk, R., Losse, F., Cavalié, T., Favero, G., Campestrin, M., Pascoli Observatory, G., Bacci, R. 2017WN1. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., No. 2017-W84 (2017).
  7. Boattini, A., Christensen, E. J., Gibbs, A. R., Grauer, A. D., Hill, R. E., Johnson, J. A., Kowalski, R. A., Larson, S. M., McNaught, R. H., Shelly, F. C., Fratev, F., Minkov, M., Hume, C., Twer, A., Klein, M., Mantero, A., Holmes, R., Foglia, S., Buzzi, L., Devore, H., Kostin, A., Linder, T., Lister, T., Vorobjov, T., Hug, G., Losse, F., Cavalié, T., D’Anna, W., Birtwhistle, P. 2013 QF11. Minor Planet Electronic Circ., 2013-Q50 (2013).

Unrefereed publications – Conference papers

  1. Cavalié, T., Lellouch, E., Hartogh, P., Moreno, R., Billebaud, F., Bockelée-Morvan, D., Biver, N., Cassidy, T., Courtin, R., Crovisier, J., Dobrijevic, M., Feuchtgruber, H., Gonzalez, A., Greathouse, T., Jarchow, C., Kidger, M., Lara, L., Rengel, M., Orton, G., Sagawa, H., de Val-Borro, M. The origin of external oxygen in Jupiter and Saturn’s environments. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Paris, 3-6 Juin 2014, 173.
  2. Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Dobrijevic, M., Fouchet, T., Lellouch, E., Brillet, J., Encrenaz, T., Moriarty-Schieven, G., Wouterloot, J. CO in the atmospheres of Saturn and Uranus. Observations at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. Semaine de l’Astrophysique Française, SF2A, Paris, France, 30 Juin – 4 Juillet 2008.
  3. Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Biver, N., Dobrijevic, M., Lellouch, E., Brillet, J., Lecacheux, A., Hjalmarson, Å., Sandqvist, Aa., Frisk, U., Olberg, M. and The Odin Team. Contribution of the Odin space telescope to the understanding of the origin of water vapor in the atmosphere of Jupiter. Semaine de l’Astrophysique Française, SF2A, Grenoble, France, 2-6 Juillet 2007.
  4. Encrenaz, T., Lellouch, E., Paubert, G., Cavalié, T., Billebaud, F., Moreno, R., Fouchet, T. Millimeter observations of Mars with the IRAM 30-m antenna: constraints on CO, T(p), and zonal winds. Mars Atmosphere Modelling and Observations, Grenade, Espagne, 27 Février – 3 Mars 2006. Mars Atmosphere Modelling and Observations, 517-518.