Paper on topology of solar flares accepted

The first paper of a serie of 2 (for the moment) has been accepted by the Astrophysical Journal. It’s a work done in collaboration with Antonia Savcheva from the Center for Astrophysics in Harvard that we started 3 years ago following our 2012 paper. This new paper can be found in ArXiv for the moment

“The Relation between Solar Eruption Topologies and Observed Flare Features I: Flare Ribbons”

A. Savcheva, E. Pariat, S. McKillop, P. McCauley, E. Hanson, Y. Su, E. Werner, E. E. DeLuca

Abstract:

In this paper we present a topological magnetic field investigation of seven two-ribbon flares in sigmoidal active regions observed with Hinode, STEREO, and SDO. We first derive the 3D coronal magnetic field structure of all regions using marginally unstable 3D coronal magnetic field models created with the flux rope insertion method. The unstable models have been shown to be a good model of the flaring magnetic field configurations. Regions are selected based on their pre-flare configurations along with the appearance and observational coverage of flare ribbons, and the model is constrained using pre-flare features observed in extreme ultraviolet and X-ray passbands. We perform a topology analysis of the models by computing the squashing factor, Q, in order to determine the locations of prominent quasi-separatrix layers (QSLs). QSLs from these maps are compared to flare ribbons at their full extents. We show that in all cases the straight segments of the two J-shaped ribbons are matched very well by the flux-rope-related QSLs, and the matches to the hooked segments are less consistent but still good for most cases. In addition, we show that these QSLs overlay ridges in the electric current density maps. This study is the largest sample of regions with QSLs derived from 3D coronal magnetic field models, and it shows that the magnetofrictional modeling technique that we employ gives a very good representation of flaring regions, with the power to predict flare ribbon locations in the event of a flare following the time of the model.

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